(CNN Student News) -- May 19, 2010
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CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: Get ready for globetrotting. You geography gurus are gonna love today's edition of CNN Student News; We've got stories from all over the map. I'm your tour guide, Carl Azuz.
First Up: Afghanistan Attack
AZUZ: The U.S. embassy calls it a "deplorable act of violence." A NATO spokesman says it's "desperate brutality and aggression." However you characterize Tuesday's attack in Afghanistan, it's a reminder that the Asian country is a very unstable place. The Taliban, Afghanistan's former rulers, say they're responsible for it: a suicide bomb in Kabul, the Afghan capital. It killed five American troops, a Canadian service member, and at least 12 civilians. Atia Abawi was on the scene after the bombing. She fills us in on what's nearby.
ATIA ABAWI, CNN CORRESPONDENT, KABUL, AFGHANISTAN: At around 8:10 Tuesday morning a suicide car bomber detonated his vehicle in the capital of Kabul. The attack took place around 300 meters down this road, in front of the old king's palace. Darulaman Road is a road that has many ministerial buildings and government buildings including the parliament. The Taliban have claimed responsibility, saying that they had a vehicle laden with 750 kilograms of explosives that detonated in front of five foreign vehicles.
AZUZ: It looks like Iran could be headed for some punishment over its nuclear program. The United Nations Security Council has the authority to do that -- to impose sanctions -- to try to discourage Iran from doing something the international community doesn't want it to do. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says several members of the UN Security Council are on board to penalize Iran. We're not sure yet what the penalty will be. But the problem for the international community is Iran's plan to enrich uranium. That's a process that can be used to make nuclear weapons. Iran insists that's not what it wants to do, that it's only for nuclear power. But the country won't allow international inspectors to check up on that. If the UN approves the sanctions, this would be the fourth time that Iran has been punished over its nuclear program.
TOMEKA JONES, CNN STUDENT NEWS: See if you can ID Me! My size is about 600,000 square miles. I'm sometimes called the "Mediterranean of the Americas." I'm a body of water bordered by five U.S. states. I'm the Gulf of Mexico, and my five U.S. border states are Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas.
AZUZ: Almost one-fifth of the Gulf of Mexico is now closed, as far as fishing is concerned. NOAA -- the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration -- made this announcement yesterday. Along with the Food and Drug Administration, they're planning to sample seafood taken from the Gulf, to figure out what's safe to eat and what's been contaminated by this. These are some of the pictures of the oil sheen swirling in the Gulf. Government officials may attempt to stop the oil spill this weekend by clogging it up with a sort of manmade mud of fluids and chemicals used in oil drilling. But the damage, as you can see, has been, and continues to be, done. And a new concern is about where a Gulf current could carry this oil. On Tuesday, meteorologist Jacqui Jeras explained to another CNN anchor, Tony Harris, how that could happen.
JACQUI JERAS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: Now, one of the best places I can show this to you is what we're seeing here is how it gets into the loop current. This is a satellite picture from NASA that was taken yesterday. All right? See this little line right here?
TONY HARRIS, CNN ANCHOR: Yes.
JERAS: That is a little trajectory, a little movement of some of that oil slick, that oil that's moving in here. And if you take a look at this little area right there, that's the loop current. And that is what we're concerned, is that it's starting to get entrained within this area. So the loop current --
JERAS: -- goes up around the middle part of the Gulf of Mexico.
HARRIS: Hence, the loop.
JERAS: Comes down toward the Florida Keys. OK? And then it brings it back up into the Gulf Stream. We've all talked about the Gulf Stream. And it brings it on up the coast there.
So, this is a computer model forecast from the University of South Florida, and the black is the oil spill itself. And so it's projecting that it's going to be moving down here, and they're telling us now that it could be five days, maybe six days away from hitting the Florida Keys, potentially.
Now, one of the things that we need to keep in mind as we look at these computer model forecasts, this is just based on the currents in the ocean. Imagine, you know, dropping that bottle, right, the water in the bottle and what that would do. But this doesn't take into account things like evaporation of that oil. It doesn't take into account things like the wind, what the wind trajectories are going to be doing, and all of those things influence.
So, I still think it's a little questionable whether or not it's going to get there and how long that will actually take, because this current moves one maybe to two miles per hour, so it's a slow mover. And if it does spread into that loop current and makes its way down and around, of course, that's going to be more widespread and more of a problem. It will be more likely to hit the Florida Keys.
JERAS: It will be more likely to affect the southeast coast and the western coast. So places like Miami, into Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, could be impacted. Then it'll probably -- because of the movement of the gulf stream it would head up more toward the Carolinas.
ISS Gets Bigger
AZUZ: Miles above the Gulf, astronauts are planning to go for a walk today. Their mission will be to replace the batteries on the international space station. The biggest and most expensive manned object ever sent to space, got a little bigger yesterday when its visitors added a new room. It's a Russian module that'll be used mostly for science work and storage. The station flies over your head once every 90 minutes.
BILL CAIACCIO, CNN STUDENT NEWS: Today's Shoutout is dedicated to Mr. Langhorst's American History classes in South Valley Junior High Liberty, Missouri. Which country is hosting the 2010 FIFA World Cup soccer championship? You know what to do! Is it A) Brazil, B) South Africa, C) Australia or D) Italy?You've got three seconds -- GO! The 2010 FIFA World Cup will be held in South Africa; it starts on June 11. That's your answer and that's your Shoutout!
AZUZ: One day after that, the U.S. mens national team is scheduled to take on England while in South Africa. And while American soccer stars set their sights on South Africa, an American committee is setting its sights on FIFA, trying to get soccer's governing body to consider the U.S. as the host of either the 2018 or the 2022 World Cup. Richard Roth throws in some reasons why.
RICHARD ROTH, CNN UNITED NATIONS CORRESPONDENT, NEW YORK: The United States is bringing in all the heavy hitters it can in order to win the hosting bid for the World Cup in the years either 2018 or 2022. Former U.S. President Bill Clinton is now the honorary chair of the effort. At least nine other countries have submitted bids so far. The former U.S. president said he thinks he could succeed where President Obama failed in trying to win Olympics back, but it's going to take a lot of work.
FORMER U.S. PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON: It's very important to point out we're going to put in seven months of hard work on this. I think we all learned something in the Olympic bid. We got outworked by some of our competitors. And, you're always disappointed when you don't win something but I always feel like this competition is just like sports. You have to learn from the competition. You figure out what they did right and then you try to do it right. One of the things I learned from the Olympics is that this is not a one-week process. We're going to work hard at this for seven months and see if we can prevail.
ROTH: Winning the bid could have an economic impact of at least $5 billion according to one estimate. Meanwhile, the United States men's national team gathered to practice for this year's World Cup in South Africa. The U.S. team was not at its full level of players, some are still in Europe, some are injured, Meanwhile former U.S. President Bill Clinton thinks they have an outside chance to beat England in the first game on June 12.
CLINTON: You know the great thing I like about this sport is that if you play good defense you always have a chance to win. And so you know England has a very, very good team. But I think we have a chance to win. We have a pretty good team, we put a pretty good side up. And I think I won't be astonished if we win but I could have done with a different draw.
ROTH: The former president says the sport of soccer best represents what the United States is: full of diversity and people from all over the world inside America. Richard Roth, CNN, New York.
Downloadable Maps Promo
AZUZ: Told you you'd see some serious mapping today. Here's something cool for you geography and social studies teachers: Download some of the locations we've visited -- and challenge your students to label them --you can do it all at CNNStudentNews.com! Just scroll to the bottom of the page to unfurl our free, downloadable maps!
Before We Go
AZUZ: And if our globetrotting pace has been brisk, here's a ride that's as slow as they get. Here's a sight from Break.com. This has gotta be the laziest dog I've ever seen. I don't know if they told him he couldn't ride in the car or if he outright refused to go for a walk or if he just figured the tortoise would have no choice. But while the mammal is clearly relaxed about this idea...
AZUZ: The tortoise could've been shell-shocked. I'm gonna be honest, I was shell-shocked when I found out their names. Because while the dog is named Hope, as in hope you enjoyed CNN student News. The tortoise -- and we're not making this up -- is named Carl.