(CNN) -- Graeme Swann claimed five wickets as England took a 1-0 lead in cricket's Ashes series with a crushing victory over Australia by an innings and 71 runs on the final day in Adelaide.
The tourists needed only 90 minutes of Tuesday's morning session to dismiss Australia's last six batsmen, who added just 66 to their team's overnight total of 238-4.
Australia must now win two of the three remaining Tests to wrest the Ashes from the grip of a rampant England side, having suffered a first innings defeat to their old rivals for the first time since December 1986.
That series was the last won by England in Australia, who had not lost by an innings at home since 1993.
The victory, however, was marred by a stomach injury to Stuart Broad which has ruled the England all-rounder out of the rest of the tour, while Australia opener Simon Katich faces a similar fate due to an Achilles problem.
"We've got some good momentum, but the guys are pretty tired after back-to-back Tests and certainly some of the bowlers will need a rest. And maybe some of the batsmen too," England captain Andrew Strauss told reporters.
"The loss of Broad will be very big, he's been a senior bowler for us, but we've got three guys bowling well and who are all chomping at the bit to get out there. We'll take into account how they bowl at the MCG, but I do have some plans."
Australia captain Ricky Ponting, who regained the Ashes at home in 2006-07 with a 5-0 whitewash but lost them again in England last year, is looking for improvement in the third match of the five-Test series starting in Perth on December 16.
"We've got to go away and do some soul-searching. England have kept us under real pressure, and we've got to find a way to cope with that," he said.
"We got off to a shambolic start to the match, and it was always going to be hard to fight back from there. We needed to make a big score in the first innings and 245 was never going to be enough.
"We also put down a few crucial catches in the field. It's just those little things which are literally slipping through our hands at the moment, you can't give good players second and third chances."
Spinner Swann had taken two of the first four wickets to fall on Monday, and he claimed the last two on Tuesday as he sealed his 10th five-wicket bag in Tests.
Fast bowler Steve Finn dismissed the dangerous Mike Hussey for 52 to start the rout as the left-hander could add only eight runs to his overnight total, then seamer James Anderson accounted for Brad Haddin (12) and Ryan Harris (0) in successive deliveries.
Swann trapped Marcus North, another key batsman, leg before wicket for 22 and then bowled out tailenders Xavier Doherty and Peter Siddle to clinch England's 100th victory over Australia in the five-day game and personal match figures of 7-161.
The Adelaide Oval was covered in water just hours later after heavy rain, highlighting how Australia's batsmen could have saved the match with more application in the middle.