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The Supreme Court of the United States

Compiled by Bill Mears, CNN Supreme Court Producer

Washington (CNN) -- The Supreme Court of the United States as of August 7.

NOTE: Nomination date is when the name is formally sent to the Senate (not the day the President announced his choice). Commission date is when the president signs authorization for the nominee to take the constitutional and judicial oaths of office, which then officially makes the justice a member of the Court (not the date he/she first sits on the bench).

Official titles are: Chief Justice of the United States and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

Chief Justice John G. (Glover) Roberts Jr.

Born January 27, 1955, in Buffalo, New York. Nominated by George W. Bush for associate justice July 19, 2005, renominated for chief justice September 6, 2005, from U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit. Confirmed September 29, 2005 by a vote of 78-22, received commission and sworn in September 29, 2005. Replaced William H. Rehnquist.

Justice Antonin (Gregory) Scalia

Born March, 11, 1936 in Trenton, New Jersey. Nominated by Ronald Reagan June 24, 1986, from U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit. Confirmed September 17, 1986 by a vote of 98-0, received commission September 25, 1986, sworn in September 26. Replaced William H. Rehnquist (who was elevated to chief justice).

Justice Anthony M. (McLeod) Kennedy

Born July 23, 1936, in Sacramento, California. Nominated by Ronald Reagan November 30, 1987, from U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit (California). Confirmed February 3, 1988, by a vote of 97-0, received commission February 11, 1988, sworn in February 18. Replaced Lewis F. Powell, Jr.

Justice Clarence Thomas

Born June 23, 1948, in Pin Point, Georgia. Nominated by George H.W. Bush July 1, 1991, from U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit. Confirmed October 15, 1991, by a vote of 52-48, received commission October 18, 1991, sworn in October 23. Replaced Thurgood Marshall.

Justice Ruth (Joan) Bader Ginsburg

Born March 15, 1933, in Brooklyn, New York. Nominated by Bill Clinton June 22, 1993, from U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit. Confirmed August 3, 1993, by a vote of 96-3, received commission August 5, 1993, sworn in August 10. Replaced Byron R. White.

Justice Stephen G. (Gerald) Breyer

Born August 15, 1938, in San Francisco, California. Nominated by Bill Clinton May 13, 1994 from U.S. Court of Appeals for the 1st Circuit (Massachusetts). Confirmed July 29, 1994, by a vote of 87-9, received commission and sworn in August 3, 1994. Replaced Harry A. Blackmun.

Justice Samuel A. (Anthony) Alito Jr.

Born April 1, 1950, in Trenton, New Jersey. Nominated by George W. Bush November 10, 2005, from U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit (New Jersey). Confirmed January 1, 2006, by a 58-42 vote, received commission and sworn in January 31.. Replaced Sandra Day O'Connor.

Justice Sonia (Maria) Sotomayor

Born June 25, 1954, in Bronx, New York. Nominated by Barack Obama June 1, 2009, from U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit (New York) (announced May 26, 2009). Confirmed August 6, 2009, by a 68-31 vote, received commission August 6, 2010 sworn in August 8, 2009. Replaced David H. Souter.

Justice Elena Kagan Born April 28, 1960, in Manhattan, New York. Nominated by Barack Obama May 10, 2010. Former Solicitor General. Confirmed August 5, 2010, by a 63-37 vote, received commission August 5, sworn in August 7. Replaced John Paul Stevens.

Current salary for the chief justice is $223,500 per year, while associate justices make $213,900.

RECENT EX-JUSTICES

William H. Rehnquist

Born October 1, 1924, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Died September 3, 2005, in Arlington, Virginia. Nominated by Richard Nixon October 22, 1971, as associate justice. Confirmed December 10, 1971, by a 68-26 vote, received commission December 15, 1971. Nominated by Ronald Reagan June 20, 1986, as chief justice. Confirmed September 17, 1986, by a 65-33 vote, received commission September 25. Replaced John Marshall Harlan as associate justice, replaced Warren E. Burger as chief justice. John G. Roberts Jr. replaced him.

John Paul Stevens

Born April 20, 1920, in Chicago, Illinois. Nominated by Gerald Ford November, 28, 1975, from U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit (Illinois). Confirmed December, 17, 1975, by a vote of 98-0, received commission December 17, sworn in December 19. Announced retirement April 9, 2010, service terminated June 29, 2010. Replaced William O. Douglas, Elena Kagan replaced him.

David H. Hackett Souter

Born September, 17, 1939, in Melrose, Massachusetts. Nominated by George H.W. Bush July 23, 1990, from U.S. Court of Appeals for the 1st Circuit (New Hampshire). Confirmed October 2, 1990, by a vote of 90-9, received commission October 3. Announced retirement April 1, 2009, service terminated June 30, 2009. Replaced William J. Brennan, Jr. Sonia Sotomayor replaced him.

Sandra Day O'ConnorBorn March 26, 1930, in El Paso, Texas. Nominated by Ronald Reagan August 19, 1981, from Arizona Court of Appeals. Confirmed September 21, 1981, by a 99-0 vote, received commission September 22, 1981. Announced retirement July 2, 2005, service terminated 1/31/06. Replaced Potter Stewart. Samuel A. Alito, Jr. replaced her.

Sources: http://www.fjc.gov/public/home.nsf/hisj

http://supremecourtus.gov/about/biographiescurrent.pdf

U.S. Office of Personnel Management, as of 1/1/10

http://www.opm.gov/oca/compmemo/2009/executiveorder2009pay.asp

http://senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/RL33245.pdf

 
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