(CNN) -- The Scottish Football Association have confirmed George Burley's sacking as national coach with immediate effect.
The SFA acted quickly after Scotland fans turned on Burley during Saturday's 3-0 friendly defeat by Wales.
Chief executive Gordon Smith canvassed his 10 colleagues on the SFA board and they came to a unanimous decision to terminate his contract immediately.
The SFA had given Burley a vote of confidence despite his failure to make the World Cup play-offs. But subsequent defeats by Japan, and Wales in particular, made Burley's position untenable.
Smith told reporters: "The decision was taken after a meeting with the board of directors and, subsequently, the national coach. The board was in unanimous agreement.
"It should be stressed that the decision was not a direct consequence of Saturday's unacceptable 3-0 defeat to Wales but, rather, a realization that the expectations of the supporters, the Scottish FA and George himself, were not being met.
"I should point out that the Scottish FA stands by its decision to give the national coach our full support despite failure to qualify for the World Cup play-offs.
"It would have been negligent not to have given George every opportunity to rebuild and revitalise the squad in light of the improved performances in the last two qualifiers against Macedonia and the Netherlands
"Unfortunately, the adverse results in the two subsequent friendly matches against Japan and Wales provided confirmation that the improvement could not be sustained.
"On a personal note, I would like to thank George for his contribution and, on behalf of the Scottish FA, I wish him all the best for the future."
Saturday's defeat in Cardiff left Burley with a record of eight defeats and only three victories in his 14 matches in charge.
Two of those wins came against Iceland in a qualifying group that saw Scotland finish third behind the Netherlands and Norway, who failed to make the play-offs because their record was the worst of the nine European runners-up.
Scotland only scored six goals in the campaign and have failed to find the net in nine of Burley's 14 matches.
Burley took over from Alex McLeish in January 2008 after beating Mark McGhee, Graeme Souness and the late Tommy Burns at the interview stage.
Dundee United manager Craig Levein has emerged as the early favorite to take over from Burley, although he has had a strained relationship with the SFA hierarchy.
Former Scotland manager Walter Smith, whose Rangers contract expires in January, has also been touted alongside Kilmarnock manager Jim Jefferies and former Scotland captain Gary McAllister.