(CNN) -- Happy birthday, Catherine Zeta-Jones. You are turning 40 this month, joining an exclusive club of women in show business who are marking the same milestone this year.
Catherine Zeta-Jones arrives at a Hollywood event earlier this year. She turns 40 on September 25.
Think big names like Renee Zellweger, Jennifer Aniston, Mariah Carey, Jennifer Lopez and Cate Blanchett.
It's a birthday many actors -- but especially female stars -- in Hollywood would once dread, hide and agonize over.
At an age where men could comfortably play heroes and lovers in the prime of their life -- and could do so for many years to come -- women often found themselves starting to be cast in different roles.
(One example: "The Graduate," where 36-year-old Anne Bancroft played a frustrated "older woman" trying to seduce Dustin Hoffman, who was just six years younger than she at the time.)
No wonder some stayed mum about their age, but this generation of 40-something female entertainers is different.
They're holding birthday bashes, embracing the big four-oh and staying as busy and famous as ever. Their faces grace magazine covers, their bodies are the envy of women decades younger and their careers seem to be going strong. See photos of stars who are 40 and still hot »
Zellweger herself has said she hasn't noticed good parts getting scarce.
"I don't see it. I don't know. I'm so spoiled with respect to the experiences I've had and the opportunities I've had that I don't see it," she said, according to published news reports.
So has anything changed for women hitting 40 in a business obsessed with youth?
Industry observers say stars like Zeta-Jones, Zellweger and Aniston have more options than ever to have long, distinguished careers thanks to independent films and television, but opinions are mixed on whether they can sustain a big Hollywood presence.
"These women are still among the most bankable, biggest stars in the industry and turning 40 isn't going to change that," said Kathy Heintzelman, entertainment director for More, a magazine geared toward women over 40. Watch a report on the most rich and famous women over 40 »
Importance of box office
But others argue that the opportunity to land lead roles in major studio films for actresses like Aniston, Zeta-Jones and Zellweger is running out.
It's all about the global box office for Hollywood, which right now is most interested in making comic book movies or big-action, special-effect films in which women are mostly decorative, said Leah Rozen, film critic for People magazine. That often leaves few lead roles in big-budget Hollywood films for established female stars as they get older.
"They're going to work, but the entire movie will not be built around them. It will not be a Renee Zellweger vehicle or a Catherine Zeta-Jones vehicle, unless it's an indie film," Rozen said.
"I'm not saying anything about the quality of the movies they're making or their validity as actresses," Rozen said. "I am saying that viewed as box office -- or can they open a movie? -- the answer would be no right now."
Zellweger's most recent project, "My One and Only," which Rozen called a "very sweet little film," has grossed less than $1 million since it premiered last month (it opened in wide release last Friday.) Earlier this year, her film "New in Town" grossed about $16 million domestically, according to Boxofficemojo.com.
Zeta-Jones' last big Hollywood role was in the 2007 movie "No Reservations," which earned $43 million in the United States.
Aniston has had a better run. Last year's "Marley & Me" took in $143 million domestically and more recently, "He's Just Not That Into You" earned $93 million.
Men are viable as box office leads far longer than most women, Rozen said. Think Harrison Ford, who was still the action hero at 66 in last year's "Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull" (which earned $317 million domestically) or Sean Connery, who at 69 was paired with a then-30-year-old Zeta-Jones in 1999's "Entrapment" ($87 million domestic gross).
A big exception to this trend has been Meryl Streep. Watch a report on women over 40 who make us laugh »
Streep, 60, has a great track record at the movies with films including the recent "Julie & Julia" and last year's "Mamma Mia!" She's part of a very successful run of female-centric movies that have starred women over 40, said Jane Fleming, president of the nonprofit organization Women In Film.
"That proves if you have an audience base that wants to see you, they're going to keep coming out to see you regardless your age," Fleming said.
"What's been nice about the last two years is that there's been economic proof that that audience exists and that given the right form of entertainment, it will be very lucrative for the studios."
Fleming believes this is a good time to be turning 40 in Hollywood, with popular films like "Sex and the City," "Marley & Me" and "The Proposal" starring 40-and-over actresses. Watch a report on women over 40 who rock »
TV, indie films offer new options
It may be a big improvement over the options available to female stars not too long ago.
"There are only three ages for women in Hollywood: babe, district attorney, and 'Driving Miss Daisy,'" Goldie Hawn's character famously exclaimed in the 1996 comedy "The First Wives' Club."
Actresses like Sandra Bullock are redefining those stereotypes by playing lead roles in romantic comedies well into their 40s, sometimes paired with younger men. Just this year, Bullock, 45, has starred in "The Proposal" and "All About Steve." Watch a report on women over 40 who've had work done »
Many actresses over 40 are also finding a new home on television, where there are many complex characters to choose from.
Glenn Close, 62; Kyra Sedgwick, 44; and Holly Hunter, 51, are just some of the stars who have made the move from the big screen to the small screen, earning critical and popular success.
"Cable has opened up enormous possibilities. In feature films, you're still lucky if you're not the girlfriend or the wife," Katey Sagal, 55, who stars in the TV series "Sons of Anarchy," recently told Oprah.com.
But she was also glad to note that there are more opportunities in general for female stars over 40.
"I don't know why it's changed, but I'm really grateful it has. Maybe it has to do with the fact that we're all living longer and suddenly it's OK to get older. Maybe there's a broader audience for these characters. The stories you can tell about older women are deeper," Sagal said.