(CNN Student News) -- December 7, 2009
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CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: Right here is where you can find out why people get so riled up about the issue of climate change. This is CNN Student News. I'm your anchor, Carl Azuz. Let's go.
AZUZ: 46 and cloudy: That's the forecast for Copenhagen, Denmark as a climate summit brings in 15,000 world leaders and environmentalists. One big subject, no surprise: Climate change. You may know from science class that the earth goes through warming and cooling periods. The last cooling one: Between the 1940s and the 1970s. Scientists say it's been getting steadily warmer since then, but there's major disagreement about whether people have anything to do with it. Many leaders in Copenhagen don't want to get hung up on that -- they're trying to reach an international climate deal. It could limit greenhouse gases -- which many scientists blame for climate change -- and affect how much we pay in gas and electric bills. But one reason why an agreement could be hard to get: Recent accusations that scientists at a top research lab, haven't told the whole truth about climate change. Mary Snow explains the situation.
SNOW: Two weeks after computers were hacked at the U.K.'s University of East Anglia, and e-mails between climate scientists were posted on the Internet, the head of the U.N.'s climate science body told BBC Radio he wants an investigation.
RAJENDRA PACHAURI, CHAIRMAN, IPCC: We certainly are going through the whole lot, and then, as I said, we'll take a position on it. So we certainly don't want to brush anything under the carpet. We don't want to sweep it under the carpet. This is a serious issue, and we certainly will look into it in detail.
SNOW: This U.N. probe is in addition to an investigation under way at the University of East Anglia, which says it's looking to see if there's any evidence that scientific data was manipulated or suppressed. Phil Jones, the head of the university's climate research unit, has stepped down temporarily.
Those who question the effects of human activity on climate change have seized on the e-mails, accusing scientists of conspiring to hide evidence and trying to destroy data. Among them, Republican Senator James Inhofe, who has called global warming a hoax. This week, he called for hearings. No decisions yet.
And the e-mails were raised at a House hearing this week.
REP. JOHN SHADEGG (R), ARIZONA: Anyone who thinks that those e- mails are insignificant, that they don't damage the credibility of the entire movement, is naive.
SNOW: But at that hearing, a top government scientist said the e-mails do nothing to change the science.
JANE LUBCHENCO, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMIN.: E-mails really do nothing to undermine the very strong scientific consensus and the independent scientific analyses of thousands of scientists around the world that tell us that the Earth is warming and that the warming is largely a result of human activity.
GAVIN SCHMIDT, GODDARD INSTITUTE FOR SPACE STUDIES: These are the temperature records from the U.S.
SNOW: Gavin Schmidt is a leading climate scientist with NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies. In the weeks since the e-mails were hacked and questions arose, he's been putting large volumes of data links on the Web site RealClimate.org that demonstrates a consisting trajectory of a potentially dangerous warming climate.
SCHMIDT: So, what we've done is we've just said, you know, look, you're not aware of that data, but here is all the data that's already existing.
SNOW: His name appeared on those e-mails and he says he has nothing to hide.
SCHMIDT: There's nothing in these e-mails that's problematic. You know, most of the stuff that's been talked about has been taken completely out of context, and there's a lot of nonsense that's being spoken.
Is this Legit?
CNN STUDENT NEWS: Is This Legit? Pearl Harbor is located on the coast of Hawaii's Big Island. Not legit! Pearl Harbor is on the coast of Oahu, an island northwest of the Big Island.
Pearl Harbor Day
AZUZ: Just the words alone, "Pearl Harbor," refer to an attack that happened on December 7th, 1941. Today is Pearl Harbor Day. Veterans of the surprise, Japanese bombardment remember -- like many of their children and grandchildren -- "a date which will live in infamy." That was the quote from president Franklin D. Roosevelt in a speech he gave on December 8th, when the U.S. declared war on Japan and entered World War II. Ceremonies and events like these pay tribute to the more than 2,300 U.S. troops killed in the Pearl Harbor attack.
AZUZ: Home for the holidays sounds fine; some people just want to get hired for the holidays. You know why: recession. And Maggie Lake says that's the same reason, that even seasonal work -- just temporary, shopping-season employment -- isn't always easy to find.
MAGGIE LAKE, CNN BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: Hearing that cash register ring would be music to the ears of many job seekers hoping to find seasonal employment this holiday season.
EARLEEN HENDERSON, SEASONAL JOB SEEKER: Maybe like cashier, maybe a department store being this coming time for the holidays, maybe they'll need some help.
LAKE: During tough times, many unemployed Americans count on seasonal work to make ends meet. But this recession, retailers have cut holiday hiring, as consumers cut spending. Allyson Goodman, whose recruitment firm places seasonal workers, is finding many people jobs, but it's tough out there.
ALLYSON GOODMAN, PYRAMID CONSULTING GROUP: We work with a lot of luxury boutiques in New York and most of them haven't even put on seasonals. They put on one or two people because they're using their existing staff.
LAKE: If holiday sales were stronger this year, stores would surely add more staff. But results so far have been less than stellar. Stores are waiting longer to commit to seasonal workers, which means fewer hours for part-timers overall.
GOODMAN: A lot of our staffing just happened within the past couple of weeks. We usually have plans for our retail stores in September and October. We didn't have them until November this year.
TESS HEBERT, SEASONAL WORKER: Enjoy your day.
LAKE: Tess Hebert is one of the lucky ones.
HEBERT: This is definitely a really important job for me to have right now.
LAKE: She was hired in mid-November by clothing retailer, Brooklyn Industries. She's only working four days a week. She's guaranteed a job only through mid-January. But she's thankful for the extra cash.
HEBERT: I know it's really tough out there right now. I know a lot of people who are having a really hard time finding what they went to school for, just trying to find anything out there. So I was really fortunate to be able to network and find something somewhere.
LAKE: But for seasonal worker Alfredo Mineo, retail work is a necessity and a mixed blessing.
ALFREDO MINEO: Like right now, I'm doing retail, but my background is all in public relations. I work at a luxury boutique on Madison Avenue and I think we get like three or four applications a day. And you read the resumes, they're just -- it has nothing to do with retail.
LAKE: In the midst of the gloom, there is optimism. According to the government, overall temp hiring is making a comeback. Almost 34,000 temporary jobs were added in the U.S. in October. As for this holiday, no one's writing it off just yet.
GOODMAN: It's still kind of fresh into it, right after Thanksgiving. So we think that our stores might pick up a little bit more as it gets closer to the holidays.
LAKE: That would be great news for many people hoping to get hired for the holidays. Maggie Lake, CNN, New York.
AZUZ: Is football only a guys' sport? That's what I'm asking today on our blog at CNNStudentNews.com. And here is why: A teenage girl who's played for eight years, outgrown peewee football, and is looking to play under the Friday night lights. Andrew Setters from Kentucky affiliate WLWT reports on a running back who's moving forward with her dream.
CAROL RAY, FOOTBALL PLAYER: Ooh, you guys are going to go down. And then they realize that I can actually hit and then they change their entire perspective.
ANDREW SETTERS, WLWT REPORTER: Thirteen year-old Carol Ray will take the hits on the field, but she doesn't like to take a lot of grief from other players.
GINA RAY, CAROL RAY'S MOTHER: If you call her 'sweetie' or 'cupcake', it makes her mad and she wants to hit you even more.
SETTERS: Carol has been playing football for eight years for the Boone County Tigers Pee-Wee Team.
G. RAY: She says "I wanna play." I said "OK." She says,"You really gonna let me?" "Yeah, you want to play, you can play."
SETTERS: Carol admits she was a little timid at first, but then she fell in love with football.
C. RAY: I think it was my first tackle, and then I wanted another one, and then another one, and then another one and it just kept going.
SETTERS: But now, she's wondering if her football career will be over. Carol's too old to play Pee-Wee next year, so it's time to move up to high school ball, but it's not clear what will happen when she moves up to Lloyd High next year. The superintendent told us that since she's not a Lloyd student yet, they have not made a decision yet on whether she will be able to play.
JERRY RAY, CAROL'S FATHER: We'd like to watch her go as far as she can; be everything she can be.
SETTERS: Carol is used to fighting to change people's minds.
C. RAY: One person said, 'You're just a girl, you're nothing compared to us,' and I ended up laying him out a few plays in a row.
SETTERS: But in the end, she's focused on more than just the goal line.
C. RAY: I'm hoping it's going to inspire more girls to go ahead and go out there and play, do it. There's no way you can find out if you like it or not until you actually try it.
AZUZ: Carol Ray just found out she will get to try it as part of the Lloyd High School football squad. Her reaction? About what you'd expect:
C. RAY: Freaked out. I just started hopping, I was like, YES!
AZUZ: While her school makes arrangements, Ray has a new goal for herself: Varsity!
Before We Go
AZUZ: And before we go, look closely at this shot -- what you're seeing kind-of looks like a swarm of bees; it's actually a bevy of birds! Thousands of starlings have swooped down on part of Canada. A bad market for grapes has been a good opportunity for the animals, who get to pick the vineyards clean. They're being watched like hawks by hawks, who want to pick the starlings clean.
AZUZ: We guess they're equally amazed by this bird-ish invasion. Ask any of them, this whole thing's a flap -- it's no beak deal. We'll see you tomorrow!