(CNN Student News) -- March 7, 2008
Top Stories - Hear about some of the stories making headlines around the world.
School Bus Safety - Examine a debate about installing seat belts on school buses.
Spring Ahead - Check out a timely report on the history of daylight-saving.
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: Hi, everyone. I'm Carl Azuz, and this is CNN Student News. Thanks so much for joining us as we wrap up this first full week of March.
AZUZ: First up, we want to get you caught up on some of the biggest stories that are making headlines in the U.S. and around the world today.
Authorities are calling a shooting at a Jewish seminary school in Jerusalem a terrorist attack. At least eight people were killed during this incident. It took place Thursday night at one of the largest religious academies in Israel, when officials say at least one gunman opened fire in the school's dining hall. This is the worst attack inside the Middle Eastern country since a suicide bombing claimed nine lives in 2006.
Deadly news in another part of the Middle East. More than 50 people were killed and another 125 were wounded in two explosions in Baghdad, Iraq. Government officials say a roadside bomb was set off first. Then, when others gathered to help the victims, a suicide bomber detonated explosives among the crowd. The U.S. military called the attacks "a senseless act of violence directed against the Iraqi people."
Turning to financial news, now, you can expect prices at the pump to keep going up. That's because the cost of gas follows the price of oil, and right now, it is not cheap. More than $105 per barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange yesterday. That is a new record. An attack on a pipeline in Colombia helped drive up oil prices overnight. According to AAA, gas costs are headed for record highs this spring.
And this is becoming a familiar sight for many American homeowners. More than 900,000 households are currently in foreclosure. That's according to a report from the Mortgage Bankers Association. What this means is that the owner is unable to make payments on their mortgage loan, so the lending company takes ownership. The number of homes in foreclosure right now represents two percent of all U.S. mortgages. That's the highest rate in the history of this report.
And finally, a newly-found photo of a famous face. You're looking at a picture of Helen Keller there on the left, with her teacher Anne Sullivan. It was taken nearly 120 years ago, but just turned up recently in New England. Keller was left blind and deaf from a disease when she was very young. But Sullivan helped teach her to communicate, and Keller would go on to become a famous author and advocate for the disabled.
GEORGE RAMSAY, CNN STUDENT NEWS: Friday's Shoutout goes out to Ms. Rowehl's social studies classes at Bartels Middle School in Tampa, Florida! From what New England college did Helen Keller graduate in 1904? If you think you know it, shout it out! Was it: A) Smith, B) MIT, C) Radcliffe or D) University of Massachusetts? You've got three seconds -- GO! Keller graduated cum laude from Radcliffe College in 1904. Radcliffe is now a part of Harvard University. That's your answer and that's your Shoutout!
AZUZ: Now, let's look at where a lot of you start your school day: the bus! You guys probably know these big yellow bohemoths better than anyone, which means you might have noticed that many of them don't have a safety feature found in almost every car. We're talking about seat belts! Greg Hunter looks at a debate over buckling up on the bus.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
GREG HUNTER, CNN REPORTER: A frightening scene in Ohio, when a bus rolled over, hurling kids out of their seats. No one was seriously hurt. That doesn't surprise New York State Pupil Transportation Director Peter Mannella.
PETER MANNELLA, NYS DEPT. OF PUPIL TRANSPORTATION: The school bus compartment and the school bus construction are such that they protect the children in most any accident that they are going to experience in a school bus.
HUNTER: 97 percent of all kids injured in bus accidents are quickly treated and released, and an average of just six children die in school bus accidents each year. Compare that to passenger cars, where 30,000 die each year, a rate of six times higher than school buses for the same distances traveled. Still, the federal government thinks seat belts could improve safety.
MARY E. PETERS, SECY. OF TRANSPORTATION: Even though statistics show that children are safer on that big yellow school bus than they are walking to school, riding their bikes or even riding in the family car, this community is asking how we can make the ride to and from school safer still.
HUNTER: Peter Mannella says there's no proof seat belts on buses will make a significant difference.
HUNTER: It's already a safe place. Show us the research that makes it safe.
MANNELLA: If we're gonna make a change to this compartment, no one's arguing that the school bus compartment is safe and has protected children for years. If you're gonna change this compartment, tell us with what and why and what the benefits will be. They haven't done that yet.
HUNTER: Seat belt proponents say there's no need for further study.
DR. ALAN ROSS, NATIONAL COALITION FOR SCHOOL BUS SAFETY: We need to protect our children now. It's not a big deal, it's not that expensive. We know that these belts do no harm, they only do good. We can afford it and we should do it right now.
HUNTER: Some experts say the $8,000-$10,000 it costs per bus to install seat belts would be better spent combating drunk driving and speeding, which account for two-thirds of all traffic deaths.
ANN MCCART, INS. INST. FOR HIGHWAY SAFETY: I don't want to say anything that would minimize the importance of a child dying on a school bus. But given limited resources, it's important that we direct those limited resources to things that will make the biggest difference.
HUNTER: Greg Hunter, CNN, New York.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
Is this Legit?
RAMSAY: Is this legit? The U.S. Department of Energy regulates daylight-saving time. Nope. It's the Department of Transportation that oversees when we fall back and spring ahead.
AZUZ: After seeing this next report, you probably would have thought it would have been the Department of Energy, certainly we did, but we'd like you to think about something else now. Get ready to get tired. This weekend, we're gonna spring ahead, that means we lose an hour of sleep and we gain an hour of daylight. This is a tradition, this is a law, this is a time change you expect twice a year. But is it necessary? Why can't we just keep the same time all the time? We'd like you to sit back as we take the time to explain.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: It puzzles the daylights out of some people. First, in what you call it:
PEOPLE ON THE STREET:
-Uh, daytime savings?
-Uh, time savings day?
-It's either daylight-savings time or Eastern Standard Time. Changeover day. Time to check your fire extinguisher.
AZUZ: Well, you should probably do that anyway. But the smoke here is all about saving electricity! Daylight-saving time supposedly goes back to a suggestion ol' Ben Franklin made to France. He said, back in the day, that Parisians should wake up earlier to save on all the candles they were burning. There may be something to that "early to bed, early to rise" business. After all, Franklin wound up on the C-note!
Anyway, it took awhile for daylight saving to catch on stateside. In 1918, we used it to conserve energy during World War I. But it was phased out the next year because a lot of people hated it! So the timing was off. But as the decades ticked by, daylight-saving time came and went 'til it was finally made law in 1966. Not the kind of law that you'd go to jail for if you didn't "spring forward." And that's probably good, since you'd show up an hour late anyway, unless you live in Hawaii or some parts of Arizona; they don't even bother with Daylight-saving time! Folks in Alaska observe it; you would too if you spent six months in the dark! Oh, and that's "daylight-saving," because "savings," with the s, is the stuff you've got in the bank. Not that it really matters; we just didn't want you grammar gurus to be left "in the dark."
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: So, you know when daylight-saving time starts. But when does it end? How many other countries take part in the energy-efficient practice? You can find out with our One-Sheet! It breaks down some background on daylight-saving time and tells you how often it's been put into action over the years. You know where to find it: CNNStudentNews.com!
Before We Go
AZUZ: Before we go, a tale from the sea about a giant fish that didn't get away. Yuck! It might be tough to take in, but you're looking at more than 13 feet of hammerhead shark. The massive monster was caught this week off the Florida coast, where it was feeding on smaller sharks. It took nearly an hour and a half to wrestle him into the boat. And once on land, this sucker didn't just tip the scales, it broke 'em! We're talking more than a thousand pounds! Bystanders couldn't believe just how huge this hammerhead was.
MAN ON THE STREET: It's just such a majestic creature. I was really hoping that we could have just caught him and saw how huge and beautiful he was and then just release it.
MAN ON THE STREET: I'm in shock. I can't get over how big the shark is.
WOMAN ON THE STREET: I though it was fake, honestly, when I was walking by.
AZUZ: One more thing today, teachers. You asked for it, and now you've got it! CNN Student News is now available full screen via our Web site. To get it, just start the stream like you normally do, and then double click the video. Voila! Full screen video! Don't forget to set your clocks forward on Saturday night. We'll see you back here on Monday. We'll be tired, but we'll be on. Have a great weekend! E-mail to a friend