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CNN Student News Transcript: January 28, 2008

  • Story Highlights
  • Learn the results of South Carolina's Democratic presidential primary
  • Examine the debate surrounding a controversial school program in Georgia
  • View the crowded conditions along the border between Egypt and Gaza
  • Next Article in Living »
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(CNN Student News) -- January 28, 2008

Quick Guide

South Carolina Primary - Learn the results of South Carolina's Democratic presidential primary.

Learn to Earn - Examine the debate surrounding a controversial school program in Georgia.

Busy Border - View the crowded conditions along the border between Egypt and Gaza.



MONICA LLOYD, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: Hi there. We're happy to have you with us for the start of a brand new week of CNN Student News. From the CNN Center, I'm Monica Lloyd.

First Up: South Carolina Primary

LLOYD: First up, victory in South Carolina, as Barack Obama comes up big in the state's Democratic primary. And when we say big, we mean huge! The senator from Illinois received more than twice as many votes as his closest competitor. It's an impressive win, but there's still a long way to go, and Obama told his supporters that it won't be easy. Before we look at what's next, Jessica Yellin wraps up the contest in South Carolina.


JESSICA YELLIN, CNN REPORTER: From Barack Obama, not just a victory, a rout.


YELLIN: He won more than half the votes, according to his campaign, proof that Iowa was no fluke and his message of a new kind of politics is breaking through.

OBAMA: We have the most votes, the most delegates, the most diverse coalition of Americans that we've seen in a long, long time.

YELLIN: Hillary Clinton made a show of moving on, jetting to Nashville to declare:

HILLARY CLINTON, (D) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Now the eyes of the country turn to Tennessee and the other states that'll be voting on February 5th.

YELLIN: Despite finishing third yet again, John Edwards insists he's staying in the competition.

JOHN EDWARDS, (D) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: We're giving a voice to all those Americans whose voices are not being heard. Their voices were heard today.

YELLIN: The Democratic contest took a bruising turn in South Carolina.

OBAMA: While I was working on those streets, watching those folks see their jobs shift overseas, you were a corporate lawyer sitting on the board of Wal-Mart.

CLINTON: I was fighting against those ideas when you were practicing law and representing your contributor, RESCO, in his slum landlord business in inner-city Chicago.

YELLIN: First Clinton, then Obama pulled down ads the other campaign called misleading. Then there was the Bill Clinton effect.

BILL CLINTON, FORMER U.S. PRESIDENT: They both said Hillary was right and the people who attacked her were wrong, and that she did not play the race card, but they did. So, I don't have to defend myself.

YELLIN: It heightened interest in the role Barack Obama's race would play in South Carolina. In the end, exit polls show Obama won 80 percent of the African-American vote, and about a quarter of the white vote. The crowd at his victory party offered an unusual chant:

CROWD CHANTING: Race doesn't matter.

YELLIN: Race does not matter, they say. Already, the Clinton campaign is looking ahead to states in which the Latino voters will weigh in. It's a constituency that has been good to the Clintons.

The Clinton campaign says the next primary that matters is on Tuesday in Florida. It's a state with a large Latino electorate. But the Democratic candidates had agreed not to campaign there because of an interparty squabble. Still, Clinton expects to win that primary, and the campaign is hoping that will break Obama's momentum before the race goes nationwide on Super Tuesday. Jessica Yellin, CNN, Columbia, South Carolina.


Florida Primary

LLOYD: That squabble we just mentioned? Here's what it's about: The state moved up the date of its primary, so the Democratic National Party decided not to count Florida's delegates as punishment. But the Republican primary does count. That's why GOP candidates have been canvassing the state for support leading up to tomorrow's contest, which could help declare a frontrunner for the party's nomination. So, who's still in the race for the Republicans? Rudy Giuliani, Mike Huckabee, John McCain, Ron Paul and Mitt Romney.

Super Tuesday

LLOYD: Primary season's been moving along one state at a time so far: South Carolina on Saturday, Florida on Tuesday. But all that changes with Super Tuesday! You heard Jessica Yellin call it the point when the election goes nationwide. From California out west to Connecticut in the east, Montana up north to Georgia in the south, 24 states will hold primaries or caucuses on February 5th. It'll be a huge day in the race for the White House.

Learn to Earn

LLOYD: Turning from the campaign trail to the classroom, a program in some Georgia schools is raising quite a bit of controversy. Some people think it's a bad idea; others think it's great. And on our blog, opinions on the issue are just as split. So, what is it we're talking about? Paying students to study! Josh Levs looks at both sides of the argument.


JOSH LEVS, CNN REPORTER: Kids study to learn, get good grades, get into a good college. But should they study for money? At Creekside High near Atlanta, these kids are getting eight bucks an hour to be tutored in math and science, an experimental program targeting promising students with low grades.

ROBB PITTS, FULTON COUNTY COMMISSIONER: If we don't do something, we're doing a disservice to our children.

LEVS: The idea came from Newt Gingrich. There's no taxpayer money involved. His daughter heads a foundation sponsoring the program.

JACKIE CUSHMAN, LEARNING MAKES A DIFFERENCE FOUNDATION: Is it the answer? No. Is it a possible idea that might work? Yes.

LEVS: Some people wrote the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, calling the program "unfair to kids who work hard to begin with" and "one of the dumbest things I have ever heard." Some experts say it could make kids less interested in learning when they're not being paid.

ALFIE KOHN, AUTHOR, "PUNISHED BY REWARDS": Rewards aren't just ineffective, they're counterproductive. And we've seen this over and over again.

LEVS: Some studies suggest rewards for grades or test scores may work. But these kids get paid for showing up, two hours twice a week.

LEVS: There are about 2,500 students at this school, but for this program, only 20 were chosen. As for the money:

PITTS: In many instances, these kids are working because whatever they earn, their families need that.

LEVS: Organizers say kids with jobs could cut back work hours. But for some:

ALEXIS YARGER, 11TH GRADER: The money doesn't really matter. I just need extra help in math.

LEVS: 14-year-old Jailyn Brown is in the same program at a nearby middle school. He has plans for the money.

JAILYN BROWN, 8TH GRADE: Probably give it to my mom. She needs it.

LEVS: After 15 weeks, organizers will check all 40 students' grades and test scores.

PITTS: And if the results are as we think they will be, those naysaysers will go away and we'll be able to export this program nationwide.

LEVS: At the least, maybe the pay will give some students new incentive to care about math. Josh Levs, CNN, Atlanta.


Busy Border

LLOYD: Looking overseas, parts of Egypt are a bit more crowded right now. That's because tens of thousands of Palestinians flooded into the country last week from Gaza after breaking through the territory's border with the African nation. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas is headed to Egypt this week to discuss the issue. Aneesh Raman has more on the situation near the border.


ANEESH RAMAN, CNN REPORTER: The only construction we see in Rafah isn't at the border, it's a bulldozer widening this makeshift dirt road. Days after tens of thousands of Gazans began pouring into Egypt, there is now a new element: Palestinian cars driving in and causing gridlock. The easiest way to get around is still the old-fashioned one, as Gazans came any way they can. For a desperate people, it's still about grabbing up supplies and getting rid of trash. This scrap metal coming into Egypt perhaps for sale. Yousif and his family made their way to reunite with relatives, but stalled out just across the border. Why?

YOUSIF, GAZA RESIDENT: I ran out of gas.

RAMAN: But for Egypt, the visitors are a problem. Egyptian troops are outnumbered, and try as they might, they cannot stop the flow of Palestinians. To see how difficult this situation is to bring under control, you just have to go to where it all began. Behind me is part of the wall that came tumbling down on Wednesday morning. As you can see, Egyptian forces have not at all secured this area and thousands of Gazans continue to flow into Egypt. Once a barricade, the wall is now a playground. Gazans have tasted freedom, many say, and they cannot go back to a suffocating Gaza.

YOUSIF: "If Egypt closes the border, we will find another way in, even if we have to come in by sea," says Yousif.

ABU SEFELA, GAZA RESIDENT: "The Arabs and the Jews are against us. The Jews are enough, but also the Arabs? Why doesn't Egypt make an agreement on its own with the Palestinians?" asked Abu Sefela.

RAMAN: Egypt's president is caught between domestic empathy for the Palestinian plight and mounting international pressure to secure this open border and prevent any weapons from being smuggled into Gaza. To do that, Egypt is trying to push the Palestinians back, not at the border, but further inland. In Rafah's nearest sister town of al Erish, police forced shops to shut so Palestinians would have nothing to buy, as another convoy of Egyptian police heads to a border still out of control. Aneesh Raman, CNN, Rafah, Egypt.


Before We Go

LLOYD: Finally, when you head for the slopes, make sure you have all your gear: warm jacket, skiis, giant flaming torch. Yup, its par for the course at this resort in Spain, where thousands of skiiers went for a late-night run over the weekend. Now, skiing by moonlight might sound like a recipe for snow blindness. But when this many people are helping to light the way, there doesn't seem to be much chance of taking a wrong turn. And adding fire to ice made for some pretty incredible images.



LLOYD: That's where we pack things in for today. Thanks so much for watching. Have a great day, everyone. I'm Monica Lloyd. E-mail to a friend E-mail to a friend

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