Editor's note: CNN.com has a business partnership with CareerBuilder.com, which serves as the exclusive provider of job listings and services to CNN.com.
(CareerBuilder.com) -- You get called into your son's school for a conference with the principal and his teacher. When you walk in, there is a man and a woman sitting in front of you. Who is the principal and who is the teacher?
Years ago, you might have (correctly) assumed that the man was the principal and the woman was the teacher. But these days, numerous occupations that were once strictly dominated by one sex are balancing out or even changing gender.
For example, today, at least 25 percent of doctors are women, up from only 8 percent in 1970. By 2010, women are expected to make-up one-third of the profession. Similarly, the number of male registered nurses (RNs) has jumped from 57,000 in 1983 to 164,000 in 2002. In 2003, male RNs accounted for 8 percent of the nursing population, according to the U.S. Department of Labor.
What's more, the pay gap between men and women is decreasing -- women were earning 81 percent as much as their male counterparts in 2005 compared to when women earned about 63 percent as much as men did in 1979, according to a report conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the BLS.
The report by economist Randy Illg showed women accounted for a net increase of 1.7 million occupations paying above the median salary, while men gained a net increase of just over 220,000 of such positions. In the top quarter, women outdid men primarily in positions in the health care, financial and managerial fields.
Men's employment growth rose above the median salary in wholesale trade, financial activities, as well as, but to a lesser degree, in educational services and in health care and social assistance.
In a separate report by the BLS, some traditionally male-dominated jobs seeing increases in female workers included:
Police detectives and supervisors (360 percent increase)
Millwrights (315 percent increase)
Civil engineers (196 percent increase)
Automobile mechanics (177 percent increase)
Firefighting occupations (174 percent increase)
Airplane pilots and navigators (163 percent increase)
Though the U.S. Department of Labor still expects men to dominate just over half of the job market in 2014, it believes the roles of women in the workforce will grow more rapidly than men.
"The male labor force is projected to grow by 9.1 percent from 2004 to 2014, compared with 10.9 percent for women. As a result, men's share of the labor force is expected to decrease from 53.6 to 53.2 percent, while women's share is expected to increase from 46.4 to 46.8 percent," states a report by the U.S. Department of Labor.
Although the pay gap is getting smaller, it definitely still exists. There is also a strong pattern of men more frequently doing the jobs that are higher paid, and women doing jobs that are lower paid.
Check it out: The following is a list of common jobs dominated by men and women, and their respective salaries. Although the pay gap is closing and gender-dominating jobs are fading, for whatever reason, many women are still found in lower paying jobs.
5 Top-Paying Jobs: Male Dominated
Female Salary: $81,000
Male Salary: $87,400
Percent female: 9 percent
Female Salary: $79,700
Male Salary: $80,200
Percent female: 16 percent
Female Salary: $72,500
Male Salary: $72,800
Percent female: 8 percent
Female Salary: $70,500
Male Salary: $72,600
Percent female: 13 percent
Female Salary: $65,600
Male Salary: $71,100
Percent female: 24 percent
5 Top-Paying Jobs: Female Dominated
Female Salary: $56,900
Male Salary: $64,200
Percent female: 86 percent
Female Salary: $55,000
Male Salary: $62,900
Percent female: 80 percent
Female Salary: $48,400
Male Salary: $52,100
Percent female: 87 percent
Female Salary: $43,700
Male Salary: $48,100
Percent female: 86 percent
Female Salary: $43,600
Male Salary: $49,700
Percent female: 74 percent
5 Top-Paying Jobs: Not-Dominated
Female Salary: $89,800
Male Salary: $99,100
Percent female: 36 percent
Female Salary: $78,000
Male Salary: $82,000
Percent female: 32 percent
Female Salary: $70,700
Male Salary: $76,600
Percent female: 37 percent
Female Salary: $64,200
Male Salary: $78,800
Percent female: 51 percent
Female Salary: $62,700
Male Salary: $63,500
Percent female: 59 percent E-mail to a friend
Copyright CareerBuilder.com 2009. All rights reserved. The information contained in this article may not be published, broadcast or otherwise distributed without the prior written authority
Rachel Zupek is a writer and blogger for CareerBuilder.com. She researches and writes about job search strategy, career management, hiring trends and workplace issues.