(CNN Student News) -- October 4, 2007
Making News - Hear about some of today's top stories, including a presidential veto.
50 Years Since Sputnik - Celebrate the 50th anniversary of the event that launched the space age.
What is a Latino? - Examine the diversity of people who consider themselves to be Latinos.
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: Thanks for spending part of your Thursday with us here at CNN Student News. I'm Carl Azuz. Here are some of the stories making news this Thursday, October 4th, 2007.
AZUZ: A sinkhole caves in a four-lane street in La Jolla, California. A few months ago, city officials began noticing a few cracks on Soleded Mountain Road, and they got worried about the possibility of landslides. As you can see, it turns out they had good reason for that concern. Yesterday morning, this 50-yard stretch of the street gave way and collapsed 15 feet into the ground. No injuries were reported, but several homes were damaged or destroyed. It's the third significant hill slide in the area since 1961.
Almost 3,200 gold miners in South Africa were trapped yesterday after power was apparently knocked out to the elevator that brings workers to the surface. A separate, mine waste elevator was reportedly being converted to save the trapped miners. More details weren't clear Wednesday night. This was a breaking story, so head to CNN.com for all the latest information on the miners.
Firefighters put out flames on Capitol Hill. Someone set four small fires in restrooms in Senate office buildings yesterday. Police extinguished the first three, but the fire department was called for the fourth one, which generated a lot of smoke. Officials say no one was hurt and there were no evacuations. They're searching for suspects. But in the meantime, they've added extra patrols in the buildings and asked people to report any unusual activity.
And President Bush exercises one of his executive powers. Part of the U.S. Constitution gives the president the ability to reject legislation that he objects to. And that's just what he did yesterday, vetoing a bill that would have expanded a children's health insurance program over the next five years. President Bush says the bill had grown beyond the program's original focus. This is the fourth time in his presidency that he's used the veto. With the president using his veto pen on this bill, is that the end of the story? Most likely yes, but this is not definite. According to the U.S. Constitution, two-thirds of both houses of Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate, would have to vote to override the veto. Now, the Senate passed the bill with 67 "yea" votes; that's more than the two-thirds needed for a veto override. But over in the House, the bill passed 265-159, short of the two-thirds needed. So, unless 15 representatives change their minds, the veto will stand.
GEORGE RAMSAY, CNN STUDENT NEWS: Time for the Shoutout! What was the name of the first man-made satellite? You know what to do! Was it: A) Sputnik, B) Laika, C) Viking or D) Vanguard? You've got three seconds -- GO! Sputnik 1 was the first back in 1957. Laika was the name of the dog that flew on a later Sputnik mission. That's your answer and that's your Shoutout!
AZUZ: Reach for the stars. We usually don't mean that literally, but people have definitely made good on the saying anyway. We've walked on the moon, landed rovers on Mars; there's even a space station orbiting the Earth right now! Watching a shuttle launch might seem kind of routine. But it was just 50 years ago today that Sputnik blasted off into space. And as Miles O'Brien explains, when it happened, it was a really big deal.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JOSHUA STOFF, CURATOR, THE CRADLE OF FLIGHT MUSEUM: It's hard to believe that something this small can cause such a huge fervor that remains with us to this very day.
MILES OBRIEN, CNN CHIEF TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT CORRESPONDENT: No, this is not a scale model. It's the real thing, one of a handful of the first Sputniks the Russians built to launch an era. The sphere is about the size of a beach ball; the four antennas about 8 feet long. It weighed a little more than 180 pounds. But pound for pound, you'd be hard pressed to find a Cold War PR weapon with more impact.
STOFF: It freaked them out, because you could be in Anywhere, USA, and there's a Russian thing going over your head. I mean, what's next, atomic bombs? The whole country just went nuts.
OBRIEN: Fifty years later, we know a lot more about what the Soviets were thinking. Russian rocket genius Sergei Korolyov was busy working on bigger, more sophisticated satellites, as well as rockets that could carry hydrogen bombs. But the work was moving slowly, and he feared the U.S. team led by Wernher von Braun was ahead. So, he formed a team to quickly make a simple, small satellite that would put the communists in space first. Ironically, the Kremlin and the Russian military thought it was nothing more than a stunt.
STOFF: When it was successfully launched, it wasn't headline news in Russia. It was buried in the back page because they didn't think it was really that big of deal until the United States just freaked out, and then it became front page news around the world. And the Russians didn't realize how, what a PR coup they had until days later.
OBRIEN: Miles O'Brien, CNN, Garden City, New York.
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Hispanic Heritage Month Profile
KYUNG LAH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Latin music vocalist Celia Cruz was certainly a who's who in the music world. Recognition of her work and its impact ranges from a statue of her in the Hollywood Wax Museum to ten Grammy nominations. Cruz was born in Havana, Cuba, in 1924. When she was young, she was exposed to all types of music, which would later influence her musical palate. Her career began when she joined a popular Latin band. She traveled the world with them for 15 years. After that, Cruz started a solo career. She sang a duet with David Byrne in the 1986 film "Something Wild," starring Melanie Griffith, and then had a role in the 1992 film "The Mambo Kings." Cruz died in 2003 from a brain tumor. Remembering Celia Cruz this Hispanic Heritage Month.
AZUZ: Hispanic Heritage Month celebrates the culture and traditions of Americans who can trace their roots to Spanish-speaking countries: Mexico, Spain, parts of Central and South America. But just because they all speak the same language, it would be wrong to assume that all Hispanics, or Latinos, come from the same culture. In fact, you might be surprised at just how diverse the Latino community is. So who is Latino, and what does it mean to be Latino? Thelma Gutierrez looks at some of the people and the meanings behind the word.
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THELMA GUTIERREZ: CNN REPORTER: What are Latinos? What do they look like? You may be surprised.
PROFESSOR PETE LOPEZ, CHICANO STUDIES, VALLEY COLLEGE: We go from black to white. So, we have indigenous, we have Arab.
GUTIERREZ: And some of us are Asian. I'm Chinese and Mexican. But contrary to what most people think, Latino is not a race and it's not a particular ethnic group.
LOPEZ : We transcend race. We're not one racial, monolithic group, and that's the biggest misnomer.
GUTIERREZ: Pete Lopez teaches Chicano studies in Los Angeles. He says politicians and marketing executives target the Latino market, but usually miss their mark.
LOPEZ: They think if they put on a cultural-based celebration and talk immigration, we're all coming. The misnomer is that we all come from Mexico, or that we all come from Central America or South America.
GUTIERREZ: Latinos share a tie to Latin America somewhere in their family. My grandfather migrated from China to Mexico, where he married my grandmother and started a family. Several generations and many interracial marriages later, this is the outcome: different ethnic backgrounds tied at least in part by the Spanish language and Mexican culture.
LOPEZ: A Latino is a person who understands that he or she comes from this community. If you feel that you were raised, have been raised in a Latino household, you'll know that, you'll feel that. It's almost viceral; it's something you feel and sense.
MARCELLA ORTIZ SARDANIS, PROGRAM SPECIALIST, VALLEY COLLEGE: My name is Marcella Ortiz Sardanis. I'm French, Spanish and Mexican and Latina. The stereotype is that we all speak with accents, that we don't want to embrace the culture here, that we all are dark skinned, black eyed and have one look; and we absoultely do not.
DOUG MARRIOTT, PROGRAM DIR., VALLEY COLLEGE: I'm Doug Marriott. I'm Canadian and Mexican, and I'm Latino. I remember somebody saying that if you have access to two languages, it's like having two souls. And I thought that was kind of true, because when you dream in Spanish or feel things in Spanish, you feel things differently.
GUTIERREZ: Latinos can be multiracial, multireligious, and multiethnic. At 44 million and counting, the U.S. Census Bureau projects Latinos will exceed 100 million by the year 2050. Thelma Gutierrez, CNN, Los Angeles.
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AZUZ: OK, so you just learned a little about who is Latino. But what does it mean to be Latino in America today? CNN.com looks at the Hispanic community's growing influence on U.S. culture, politics and business. We've got a link to the online special on our Web page. And while you're there, check out our Learning Activity on Hispanic Heritage Month. It helps your students research the opportunities and challenges facing Hispanics in America. You can find it all at CNNStudentNews.com.
Before We Go
AZUZ: Before we go today, get ready to meet a record-setting rover. This bow-wow's name is Boo-Boo. And our furry friend has a certified superlative. She's not the world's fastest dog or the fiercest. She's not even officially the world's cutest, though that's pretty darn cute. But she is the most miniature mutt around. At just 4 inches tall, Boo-Boo is in the book; The Guinness Book of World Records, that is. She is officially the world's smallest dog. And with her new title, the pint-sized pooch is sitting on top of the world.
AZUZ: And doing it in what looks like a very tiny tu-tu for Boo-Boo. That diminutive doggy's gonna do it for us for today. We'll see you tomorrow for more commercial-free CNN Student News. Until then, I'm Carl Azuz. E-mail to a friend