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(CNN Student News) -- January 16, 2007
Need to Know Headlines - Get your students up to date on the stories leading today's newscasts.
Words that Changed a Nation - Learn how Martin Luther King used a violent place to disseminate a peaceful message.
The World's Dumpster? - Find out what happens to tons of recycled products from all over the world.
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
MONICA LLOYD, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: Hi, I'm Monica Lloyd, and welcome to this special edition of CNN Student News for January 16, 2007! Our series on Martin Luther King continues today. But first, here's a look at some other stories that made headlines over the weekend.
Now safe with their families: Ben Ownby, seen here on the left, was missing four days, and Shawn Hornbeck, on the right, missing four years. Police found both of them late last week in a suburban Saint Louis apartment. The 41-year-old man who rented the apartment is charged with kidnapping and jailed on a $1 Million bond. Other details are still sketchy, but the boys' families are calling their discovery a miracle.
Remember that warm weather we were telling you about last week? Well, winter blew in with a vengeance over the weekend, icing over roads and trees from Texas to New York. The storm is being blamed for dozens of deaths across six states. And thousands of homes are still without power -- some won't be able to turn the heat back on until Wednesday.
Two more members of Saddam Hussein's former regime, have been executed. Like the Iraqi dictator, Barzan Hassan al-Tikriti and Awad Bandar were found guilty for their roles in the 1982 killings of 148 people. Hassan, whom you see on the left, was Hussein's half-brother. Both of these men were buried on Monday night near Hussein's grave.
LLOYD: This was the scene yesterday at the King Center Memorial in Atlanta. It was created to honor the civil rights leader in 1968. An appropriate place to celebrate Martin Luther King's legacy, on the holiday named after him. In Washington, President Bush helped some students spruce up a high school... saying a great way to honor King is to give back to your community.
LLOYD: Even though he carried a peaceful message, Dr. King often faced violent opposition long before he was assassinated in 1968. For example, Birmingham, Alabama was known as "Bombingham" in the early 60's, because a number of black homes and businesses had been attacked. Soledad O'Brien shows us how King used this volatile place, to build a strong case for civil rights.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
FORMER ALABAMA GOV. GEORGE WALLACE: Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever!
DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.: I'm sorry Mr. Wallace. God has placed a responsibility on my shoulders.
SOLEDAD O'BRIEN, CNN REPORTER: In 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King joined an effort to desegregate Birmingham, Alabama, one of the most racially divided cities in America. Andrew Young came with him.
ANDREW YOUNG, CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER: Going to Birmingham was to him -- the possibility of an imminent death.
O'BRIEN: Dr. King went anyway, and was arrested for marching without a permit. In solitary confinement, he read a newspaper article in which eight white clergymen called the demonstrations quote "unwise and untimely."
CLARENCE JONES, MLK'S FORMER ATTORNEY: He's very agitated. Says I gotta write a response.
O'BRIEN: Clarence Jones was Dr. King's attorney.
JONES: The only paper he had until I got there was the edges of newspaper.
O'BRIEN: Under his shirt, Jones smuggled-in paper. Dr. King's writings became the famous, "Letter From Birmingham Jail."
NARRATOR, QUOTING MLK: When you have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick and even kill your black brothers and sisters."
YOUNG: He loved language. You see where he crossed out words until he got exactly the right rhythm.
NARRATOR, QUOTING MLK: When you have to concoct an answer for a five-year-old son who is asking "Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?" Then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait.
O'BRIEN: When the efforts to desegregate Birmingham stalled, the movement tried a new strategy. Dr. Dorothy Cotton, Dr. King's Director of Education, helped recruit teenagers.
DR. DOROTHY COTTON, SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP CONF.: An aim was to really fill the jails, if we could.
O'BRIEN: Police responded with dogs and firehoses. Carolyn McKinstry, just fourteen years old, is seen here caught in the melee.
CAROLYN MCKINSTRY, 16TH STREET BAPTIST CHURCH FOUNDATION: That hose hurt. We were pinned against the building. We couldn't move.
O'BRIEN: These images of brutality awakened the American conscience. In May of 1963, businessmen agreed to integrate their stores. But the victory was short-lived. Sunday morning, September 15th, 1963. The unimaginable. A bomb exploded at the 16th Street Baptist Church.
MCKINSTRY-- You came to church. You had friends who by the afternoon were dead.
O'BRIEN: The lives of 4 little girls stopped at 10:22am.
YOUNG: Most of those days he was in a deep depression
O'BRIEN: Before eulogizing the little girls, he jotted-down his deepest thoughts
NARRATOR, QUOTING MLK: These precious children of God... Say to each of us: We must substitute courage for caution.
JONES: I observed tears, him crying as he was speaking.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LLOYD: Some of Dr. King's papers were put on display yesterday in Atlanta. One woman who marched with the late civil rights leader said she wanted to see the papers so that she could be around what she believed in. If you're in town, stop by the Atlanta History Center to see them for yourself. And for more information about the life and works of Dr. King, head to thekingcenter.org.
CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS: Geographically speaking, I'm the world's fourth-largest country. I've been controlled by the Communist Party since 1949. With 1.3 billion people, I'm the most populous nation in the world. Even though it's home to so many people, China is still smaller than the U.S.
LLOYD: When you were a little kid, you might've thought if you dug deep enough into the ground, you could eventually dig to China. Okay, you didn't make it, but your trash could have. We're not talking about banana peels or gum wrappers. We mean the stuff you recycle. Eunice Yoon shows us where some of it ends up, and how it's dealt with.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
EUNICE YOON, CNN REPORTER: Welcome to Recycling City, where you'll find mountains of cereal boxes, frozen dinner containers, even old American flags. All of it is thrown out by environmentally conscious people as far away as the U.S. and Britain. And it turns up here - in the town of Lian Jiao, half way around the world. So after you've neatly separated all your recycled goods, much of it ends up in warehouses such as this with the plastic bottles, the crushed cans, even plastic bags from retailers such as Sears, Target, and Walmart. About a third of household plastics recycled in the U.S. are shipped to China. Many factories here are paying higher prices for recycled products as China's demand for raw materials grows.
CHENG YONGNAN, FACTORY MANAGER: Business is really good!
YOON: Plastics are sorted, melted, washed, spun into strands, and finally cut into pellets to be sold to local manufacturers who turn the plastic gunk into carpets, suitcases. Even sweaters. But Lian Jiao's mission to save the world's garbage is creating its own environmental nightmare.
We've only been here for a couple of minutes but it's already become difficult to breathe. The air smells of dust and burning plastic and when you breathe it in, it stings your lungs.
Not only is there atmospheric pollution, but the rivers are choked with garbage. Workers sort the imported junk without gloves, hard hats, or protective clothing. 'It's tiring and the air stinks,' says this factory worker.
EDWARD CHAN, GREENPEACE: A lot of migrant workers go there. Lian Jiao has always been a place for this kind of waste.
YOON: The government insists it tries to enforce strict regulations and is trying to crack down on recyclers that break the rules.
HUANG SONGHUA, NANSHAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION BUREAU: We have done a lot of work in recent years. We are enforcing strict standards for recycling equipment. We want to upgrade the factories in this area.
YOON: Yet it's still a sensitive issue. No matter how bad the environmental damage, China's appetite for resources shows little sign of abating... paving the way for that soda bottle in your fridge today to end up in a town like this tomorrow. Eunice Yoon, Lian Jiao, China.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LLOYD: Check out the downloadable version of our show that you can play back whenever you want, wherever you are. CNN Student News is available as a free podcast. Head to iTunes to pick it up, and while you're there, shout out what you think of the show!
Before We Go
LLOYD: And before we go, you probably don't think of January as a good month for outdoor swimming. We bet most South Koreans don't either, but some of the country's bravest-- or just nuttiest --competitors hopped into frigid waters on Sunday, to win the title of "Ice Man." Of course, they also won an experience cooler than any other! More than 60 people completed this shivery swim. Their warm-up? Push-ups in the snow!
LLOYD: A cold conclusion to today's show! I'm Monica Lloyd. More Headline News is coming right up.
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