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On this day in history

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1650: The English parliament declares its rule over the fledgling American colonies.

1778: Captain Cook anchors off Alaska.

1899: J.S. Thurman patents a motor-driven vacuum cleaner.

1922: The 1st facsimile photo (fax) was sent over city telephone lines in Washington, DC.

1935: Italy invades Ethiopia.

1947: A telescope lens 200 inches (508 cm) in diameter is completed.

1952: The first video recording on magnetic tape is made in Los Angeles, California.

1970: Baseball umpires call their first strike.

1977: Indira Gandhi is arrested.

1991: South African author Nadine Gordimer is named winner of the Nobel Prize in literature.

1993: Boris Yeltsin declares a state of emergency in Moscow, as fighting erupted in the streets between pro- and anti-Yeltsin forces. Sixty-two people die in the violence.

1994: South African President Nelson Mandela addresses the United Nations, urging the world to support his country's economy.

1995: Former American football star O.J. Simpson is acquitted of the 1994 double murder of his estranged wife Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.

1997: In Japan an experimental magnetically-levitated train, the MLX01, sets a world speed record when it reaches 279.6 mph on a test track.

2003: Pakistan test-launches a missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.

O.J. Simpson was acquitted of murder in 1995.




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