1564: Maximillian II becomes emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.1587: Japanese strong-man Hideyoshi bans Christianity in Japan and orders all Christians to leave.1593: France's King Henry IV converts from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism.1729: North Carolina becomes a royal colony.1799: On his way back from Syria, Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the Ottomans at Aboukir, Egypt.1822: Gen. Agustin de Iturbide is crowned Agustin I, 1st emperor of Mexico.1845: China grants Belgium equal trading rights with Britain, France and the U.S.1860: The 1st US intercollegiate billiard match is between Harvard and Yale.1867: President Andrew Johnson signs an act creating the territory of Wyoming.1909: The first honeymoon in a balloon.1924: Greece announces the deportation of 50,000 Armenians.1943 Benito Mussolini is dismissed as premier of Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III and placed under arrest. Mussolini is later rescued by the Nazis and re-asserts his authority.1946: The U.S. detonates a second atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific in the first underwater test of the device.1952: Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing commonwealth of the U.S.1953: A truce ends the Korean War.1964: The Beatles' "A Hard Day's Night" album goes No. 1 in the U.S. and stays No. 1 for 14 weeks.1965: Folk-rock begins when Bob Dylan uses electricity at the Newport Folk Festival.1981: Voyager 2 encounters Saturn.1997: In India Kocheril Raman Narayannan (1920-2005) is sworn in as president, becoming the first member of the "untouchable" Dalits caste to do so.2001: India's bandit queen, Phoolan Devi, is killed by masked gunmen in New Delhi. She had led a revolt against the abuse of low-class women and won a seat in parliament.2005: Intel announces plans to build a $3 billion computer microprocessor fabrication plant in Arizona.
The Beatles: No. 1 in the U.S. album chart 42 years ago.