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On this day in history ...

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1599: The Globe Theater in London has its first recorded performance.

  • 1621: King James of England gives Canada to Sir Alexander Sterling.
  • 1676: Benedetto Odescalchi is elected as Pope Innocent XI.
  • 1677: John and Nicolaas van der Heyden patent the fire extinguisher.
  • 1692: Two men and seven women are executed for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.
  • 1792: Collot D'Herbois proposes to abolish the monarchy in France. The French National Convention votes in the affirmative, forming the French Republic.
  • 1814: "Star Spangled Banner" is published as a poem.
  • 1903: The first cowboy film, "Kit Carson," premieres in the US.
  • 1913: The first aerobatic maneuver, a sustained inverted flight, is performed in France.
  • 1915: Stonehenge is sold by auction for 6,600 pounds ($11,500) to a Mr. Chubb, who buys it as a present for his wife.
  • 1931: Britain goes off the gold standard. The pound devalues 20 percent.
  • 1937: "The Hobbit," by J.R.R. Tolkien, is first published.
  • 1964: Malta gains independence from Britain.
  • 1973: Jackson Pollock's painting "Blue Poles" sells for $2,000,000.
  • 1978: Two Soviet cosmonauts set a space endurance record after 96 days in space.
  • 2003: NASA's $1.5 billion Galileo mission ends a 14-year exploration of the solar system's largest planet and its moons with the spacecraft crashing by design into Jupiter.
  • 2004: Yusuf Islam, formerly known as singer Cat Stevens, is taken off a London-to-Washington United Airlines flight because his name had shown up on a government "no-fly" list.

  • Going cheap: Stonehenge sells for $11,500 in 1915.

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