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Quick Guide & Transcript: Holocaust deniers attend summit in Iran, Homework help is outsourced

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(CNN Student News) -- December 13, 2006

Quick Guide

The Fight for Iraq - Find out why the White House isn't yet announcing the new way forward in Iraq.

Denying the Holocaust - Learn why at least one European leader is calling an Iranian conference "disgusting."

Online Tutoring - Log on with one student who's getting homework help from a tutor in India.



MONICA LLOYD, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: Hello and welcome to an all-new broadcast of CNN Student News. From the CNN Center, I'm Monica Lloyd. Weighing the options: President Bush meets with one of Iraq's vice presidents, but stops short of announcing a new way forward in the Middle Eastern country. Conference of controversy: Iran calls together international scholars, and asks them to *prove* that the Holocaust really happened. And long-distance assistance: Outsourcing takes on a new dimension when students have homework help from abroad.

First Up: The Fight for Iraq

LLOYD: First up, grief and destruction in Iraq. Baghdad police aren't sure yet whether it was a religion-based attack that killed 71 Iraqis and wounded hundreds of others yesterday. But what is certain is that American and Iraqi leaders want to put a stop to the violence ASAP. Still, don't expect to hear any definite changes to the war plan before early 2007. Sumi Das explains why the president isn't committing to anything just yet.


SUMI DAS, CNN REPORTER: President Bush has advice coming from all directions, but he says he wants more. So the new way forward in Iraq won't be revealed until the new year.

TONY SNOW, WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: The President is pushing people to try to provide more input and more information, more insight about factual questions, strategic and tactical questions. This is not knowing what he wants to do. This is out of absolute determination to do this right.

DAS: One of the latest to offer observations, the Iraqi Vice-President Tariq Al Hashemi.

SNOW: It's important to have conversations especially with those who are showing a willingness to suport the Maliki government by developing a vigorous center within Iraqi politics that can draw people together across sectarian and geographic lines.

DAS: Al-hashemi says with U.S. cooperation, Iraq could achieve success in the foreseeable future.

TARIQ AL-HASHIMI, IRAQI VICE PRESIDENT: There is a great, a real chance to get out of this present dilemma. This is a hard time that the Iraqis have this time-being, but there is a light in the corridor.

DAS: Given the daily horrific attacks, the White House says there's urgency to settle on a new Iraq strategy. Not panic, says the White House, urgency.

DAS : One more reason why President Bush won't announce a new strategy until next year: to allow incoming Defense Secretary Robert Gates, who's said he'll visit Iraq, to get a grasp of the situation. For CNN Student News, I'm Sumi Das.


Fast Facts

CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS: The Holocaust took place during World War II. It was a time when German Nazis systematically killed six million Jews, as well as five million others, including communists, homosexuals and gypsies. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler characterized Jews as an evil race that wanted to take over the world, and he killed millions of them in concentration camps. The most infamous of these was Auschwitz, a camp in German-occupied Poland. As many as 1.5 million people were murdered in Auschwitz.

Denying the Holocaust

LLOYD: Despite what history tells us, there are those who believe that the Holocaust never happened, or that it wasn't that severe. In fact, Iran's president has denied it. And he held a two-day conference this week questioning whether the Holocaust actually took place. Another issue he disagrees with: Zionism, the movement to establish or support a Jewish community in the Middle East, notably Israel. Robin Oakley shows us how this factored in to Iran's controversial conference.


ROBIN OAKLEY, CNN REPORTER: Iran's President Mahmoud Ahamdinejad has repeatedly claimed the Holocaust was a myth. The conference he's staging in Tehran... is designed his foreign minister claims... to create an opportunity for 'thinkers' who would be denied a platform in Europe to express their ideas. Well-known holocaust deniers like David Duke, the white supremacist former leader of the Ku Klux Klan, seized the opportunity to broadcast their views:

DAVID DUKE EX -LEADER KU KLUX KLAN: It is an ideological offensive .I think the Zionists have controlled the ideological front. The Zionists have used the Holocaust as a weapon to deny the rights of the Palestinians and cover up the crimes of Israel.

OAKLEY: But political leaders across Europe united to condemn the Iranian event. In Berlin with Israel's visiting Prime MInister Ehud Olmert... Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel said her country would never accept such claims.

ANGELA MERKEL, GERMAN CHANCELLOR: We reject with all our strength the conference taking place in Iran about the supposed non-existence of the Holocaust. We absolutely reject this.

OAKLEY: In London, Tony Blair was equally dismissive, saying it was a 'quite disgusting' thing to do to the families of the millions who had died.

TONY BLAIR, UK PRIME MINISTER: Everything that Iran is doing is negative. And then they hold this conference yesterday - which maybe I feel too strongly about these things - but I think it is such a symbol of sectarianism and hatred towards people of another religion. I find it just unbelievable really.

OAKLEY: The conference may have a wider effect on the West and Iran. Mister Blair once welcomed the idea of Syria and Iran participating in regional efforts to ease the crisis in Iraq. But he now calls Iran 'a major strategic threat to the Middle East and says there now little point in them participating unless they are prepared to be constructive. Robin Oakley, CNN London.


Word to the Wise

AZUZ: A Word to the Wise.


a business practice in which one company buys labor or products from another company; subcontracting

source: www.encarta.comexternal link

Online Tutoring

LLOYD: If you've ever had a dry cleaner wash and iron your shirt or a tailor alter your clothes, you've outsourced. And often times, businesses can save money by having another workforce besides its own, complete a certain task. But one place you may not expect to find outsourcing: in a tutor? Mark Saxenmeier of affiliate WFLD tells us who's getting homework help from abroad.


TUTOR: So, how was your test?

SHAWN: Oh, I got a B.

MARK SAXENMEIER, REPORTER: Shawn Thomas has just begun his one-on-one tutoring session.

SHAWN: There were true and false questions I got wrong.

SAXENMEIER: Shawn is in suburban Niles, but his tutor is on the other side of the world.

SHAWN: How's the weather in India today? Is it hot?

TUTOR: Rainy.

SAXENMEIER: Created four years ago, Growing Stars is one of several U.S.-based tutoring companies that now hires mainly foreign tutors.

WAYNE BURCKHARDT, DIRECTOR OF ENROLLMENT, GROWING STARS: There was a great resource there of highly trained professional people who were willing to do this kind of work.

SHAWN: To me it seemed kind of weird--yet cool.

SAXENMEIER: Shawn and his sister Sharon say they prefer this style of tutoring over the face-to-face kind.

SHARON: Like, for me it's easier because the computer is, like, right there.

SAXENMEIER: The Indian tutors have Sharon and Shawn's actual school books. The kids scan copies of their worksheets and classwork to them. Both sides write back and forth to one another as well. Technology aside, one of the biggest differences between this and traditional tutoring is price. Sean and Sharon's parents pay just nineteen dollars an hour for this service. Of that, less than half actually goes to the tutor in India.

BURCKHARDT: It's roughly about eight dollars an hour.

SAXENMEIER: Compare that to what American tutor Tom Heinemen charges. TOM HEINEMEN, PRIVATE TUTOR: Rates vary from 50 to 70 an hour.

SAXENMEIER: Heinemen has mixed emotions about his new-age competitors.

HEINEMEN: It probably opens up tutors to people who couldn't afford me. You know lots of people aren't going to be able to afford me.

SAXENMEIER: Yet at the same time:

HEINEMEN: It's like, OK. Now they're outsourcing this!

SAXENMEIER: The outsourcing of jobs abroad where labor is cheaper and more cost-effective has been controversial for years. Computer companies, banking institutions, and accounting firms have done it -- even airline maintenance has been outsourced to foreign lands.. and now...Even education.


SAXENMEIER: Jim Dougherty is president of the Illinois Federation of Teachers.

DOUGHERTY: If the teachers are being given too much to do here, you need more people to do the work. Providing somebody thousands and thousands of miles away who will take over supposedly one portion of that task really doesn't solve the problem.

SAXENMEIER: Other critics question the foreign tutors' qualifications.

SHAWN: I can't hear you.

SAXENMEIER: And sometimes there are technical difficulties.

SHAWN: Like, sometimes while we're talking it freezes.

SAXENMEIER: But Growing Stars says more than 90 percent of its tutors have masters degrees and that once the technological kinks are ironed out, they do communicate in perfect English. These on-line tutors currently make up only a small percentage of the estimated 2 billion dollar a year private tutoring industry in the U.S. With the world becoming more interconnected every single day:

BURCKHARDT: This isn't a fluke or a fad it is certainly something that's here to stay.



LLOYD: There's a quick, convenient way to find out what's coming up on each day's broadcast of CNN Student News. And if you teachers aren't getting our daily e-mail, please take a moment to sign up! Simply scroll down our front page until you see "newsletter" on the right-hand side.

Before We Go

LLOYD: Before we go, maybe you've never had the wild compulsion to balance something on your face, and we wouldn't encourage it. But in Turkey, a guy just attempted the Guinness world record for balancing the tallest object on his chin for more than 10 seconds. Sound obscure? It is. But after just 14 seconds under a 54-foot flagpole, this guy may just go down in unusual history. At least until someone else balances something taller.


LLOYD: And that's our last act of the day! for CNN Student News, I'm Monica Lloyd.


• Interactive: Who's who in Iraq
• Interactive: Sectarian divide


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