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Indonesia sets reconstruction goal

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Special Report:  Tsunami Disaster

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(CNN) -- Indonesia says it has set a goal of rehabilitating within one year the survivors of last Sunday's devastating earthquake and tsunami in its northern Sumatra province of Aceh.

Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has appealed for national solidarity in 2005 to meet the immense challenge posed by the disaster, Indonesia's Antara news agency reported.

Aceh, ground zero for the quake and tsunami which killed as many as 80,000 people in Indonesia, has been at the center of a long-running insurgency.

But with hundreds of thousands of people in Aceh without food, clean water, shelter and a livelihood, Yudhoyono in his New Year message urged all Indonesians to work together on the reconstruction effort.

Aid is now beginning to reach victims in the more remote parts of Aceh, with Indonesian and overseas aircraft, helicopters and ships bringing much-needed supplies and medical care.

CNN correspondent Mike Chinoy, aboard one of the military helicopters, said that during the flight "we passed town after town that looked like it had been literally flattened by an atomic bomb,"

On the ground, there were scenes of "extraordinary desperation," he said.

He said relief workers in the provincial capital of Banda Aceh were suggesting it could take up to four months to complete the cleanup.

The full relief effort will need to be measured in months and years, rather than days and weeks, observers say.

Vice President Yusuf Kalla said Friday that the Indonesian government had three objectives: to get emergency aid to the people, to evacuate them where necessary; and to start the rehabilitation process for those affected.

He said helping people overcome the impact of the disaster could take up to a year.

In addition to the immediate human cost, he said rebuilding infrastructure in the province alone could take a year and cost about 1.5 trillion rupiah ($160 million), Antara reported.

Relief aid has been coming from various countries, including the United States, Australia, Malaysia and Singapore.

Sea Hawk helicopters from the U.S. aircraft carrier Abraham Lincoln have been carrying emergency aid to some of the worst-hit towns such as Meulaboh and Calang.

As well, U.S. and Australian C-130 Hercules transport planes, along with other civilian and military aircraft, are bringing bulk supplies and medical equipment into Banda Aceh.

Australian staff for a field hospital to be based in Aceh left for the region on Sunday along with three utility helicopters to help with the relief effort.

U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan will be in the Indonesian capital Jakarta to attend a donor conference this week, the United Nations said Saturday.

Annan will attend a meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in Jakarta Thursday to press for pledges, U.N. spokesman Brendan Varma said.

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