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Quick Guide & Transcript: Bush's border security plan, Kids and sleep aids

(CNN Student News) -- November 29, 2005

Quick Guide

Bush's Border Security Plan - Hear how the president plans to handle the delicate issue of illegal immigration.

Saddam on Trial - Understand why defending Saddam Hussein is a tall and dangerous order.

Sleeping - Learn about the challenges facing a teenager whose sleep cycle is heavily dependent on medications.



CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: Hi, I'm Carl Azuz and we'd like to welcome you to this Tuesday broadcast of CNN Student News. The president turns to the topic of border security trying to please both his business supporters and his conservative backers who have very different takes on the issue. Iraq's former leader has another day in court with his defense facing a tall and dangerous order. And going without sleep can make any day drag. But is it wise to take in the medicines that knock you out?

First Up: Bush's Border Security Plan

AZUZ: President Bush has headed out west to Arizona and Texas, where he'll address the issue of illegal immigration. A White House official says the president will focus on three main topics: how to keep U.S. borders secure, how to enforce laws governing illegal immigration and a "Temporary Worker" program that would allow some illegal immigrants to work in the U.S. legally. Elaine Quijano explains why that program has generated some controversy in the president's own party.


ELAINE QUIJANO, CNN REPORTER: After facing harsh criticism from conservative Republicans calling for tougher measures ... and tougher talk on border security, President Bush tried to deliver.

U.S. PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH: We want to make it clear that when people violate immigration laws, they're going to be sent home and they need to stay at home.

QUIJANO: Speaking in Tucson, Arizona, some 80 miles from the Mexican border, the President tried to make the case ... his administration is taking border security and enforcement seriously. Yet Mr. Bush, a former Texas governor, also reprised his call for a temporary worker program, which would allow illegal immigrants the chance to obtain temporary visas and remain in the U.S. That proposal, first introduced by President Bush nearly two years ago, has enraged conservatives, who see it as amnesty.

BUSH: I oppose amnesty. rewarding those who've broken the law would encourage others to break the law and keep pressure on the border.

QUIJANO: But big business forms another key component of the President's base ... and supports the temporary worker program ... as business owners seek a pool of inexpensive labor. For Mr. Bush, the challenge is to navigate the complicated intersection of immigration policy and politics. That also means not alienating Hispanic voters, crucial to the Republican party.

LESLIE SANCHEZ, CEO, IMPACTO GROUP: He understands the interest of business but he understands the interest of moving and keeping the economy moving forward and he also understands that you can't have mass deportations in the sense that many in the party want to do.

QUIJANO: Hanging over this complex political landscape is another factor, this debate over immigration reform is taking place against the backdrop of congressional midterm elections next year. Elaine Quijano, CNN, Tucson, Arizona.



DEANNA MORAWSKI, CNN STUDENT NEWS REPORTER: See if you can ID Me! I stretch from the San Juan Mountains of Colorado to the Gulf of Mexico. I form a natural border between Texas and Mexico. My name means "big river" in Spanish. The Rio Grande is almost 19-hundred miles long!

Saddam on Trial

AZUZ: Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein was a brutal leader before the U.S. led coalition ousted him about two and a half years ago. He has a lot of enemies in Iraq and so do the men who were a part of his government. That explains why it's dangerous to be their defense lawyers. Tara Mergener has an update on his first trial centering on accusations that Hussein and the seven other men on trial killed more than 140 people about 23 years ago.


TARA MERGENER, CNN REPORTER: Court was only in session for a few hours before defense attorneys received another week's delay.

MICHAEL NEWTON, VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY LAW SCHOOL: If a week's delay is necessary to ensure a properly prepared defense then that is perfectly appropriate and within the court's discretion.

MERGENER: Today's court proceedings in Baghdad began after a five week break. Saddam Hussein entered the courtroom last, following his seven co-defendants. He appeared in a gray suit with a white shirt and complained to the judge about being shackled during his trek up several flights of stairs to the courtroom under foreign guard. Hussein demanded the judge make sure police don't let it happen again.

SADDAM HUSSEIN, FORMER IRAQI LEADER: I want you to order them. They are on our land. You are the Iraqi... they are foreigners and occupiers and invaders.

MERGENER: Since Hussein's first court appearance in October, two defense lawyers have been killed and another wounded in targeted assassinations. On the defense side now -- former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark. Clark says tight security is a must to protect lawyers and any witnesses called to testify.

RAMSEY CLARK, FORMER U.S. ATTORNEY GENERAL: Our demand would be adequate security to protect... and also the witnesses.

MERGENER: The trial is set to resume next week. In Washington, I'm Tara Mergener.


Word to the Wise

MORAWSKI: A Word to the Wise... gamut: (noun) an entire range or series

Source: www.m-w.comexternal link


AZUZ: Throughout your life you've probably felt the gamut of consequences from not getting enough sleep. Inability to concentrate, making foolish mistakes, not finishing tests on time: all of this can happen as a result of sleep deprivation. But imagine if you had to contend with insomnia every night. You'd be in the same boat as the student in this story by Dr. Sanjay Gupta.


SANJAY GUPTA, CNN SR. MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: Seventeen-year-old Katy Mullican was just three years old when she first started having difficulty sleeping.

KATY MULLICAN: I just remember wanting to go to sleep, and my dad would come and scratch my back and that would help me.

GUPTA: Three years later when she started school, she was diagnosed with ADHD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and started on medications. Problem is her sleeplessness became even worse. So, since the age of six, Katy has intermittently been on a combination of ADHD drugs, along with sleeping pills, lots of drugs and the sleep never returned.

MULLICAN: Lately it's been unbearable

GUPTA: Profoundly affecting everything she does. She says she has been so tired in the last three years she's missed more than 75 days of school due to fatigue that leaves her unable to function. Katy has seen several doctors and tried all the obvious things; no caffeine after school, no television or computer in the bedroom. At one point, she even went off her ADHD medication hoping that might help her sleep better, but she only fell into a deep depression and the sleeping problem still continued.

If this all sounds troubling, you should also know this: Katy's story is not unique.

Today in the United States, almost one in 300 children aged 10-19 take prescription sleeping medications, up 85% since 2000. And like Katy, about 15 percent of them are taking sleeping pills along with other medications to treat ADHD. Worse of all for Katy is that people don't always understand her plight.

MULLICAN: A lot of people think oh well, you just need to get to bed earlier, but really when your mind is going so fast at night, you can't do anything about it.

GUPTA: So, this 17 year old has tried the gamut of sleep medications.. Benadryl, Trazadone, Lunesta and just a month ago, she started yet another one, Ambien. Dr. Judith Owens, who runs the sleep clinic in Providence, Rhode Island, recognizes sleeping pills should be a last resort, but says sometimes it's worth it.

DR. JUDITH OWENS: There is a lot of data to support that sleep problems in children, including not getting enough sleep, can cause memory and learning and behavioral problems.

GUPTA: Simply put, the risks of using a sleeping pill in a child should be weighed against the risk of not getting enough sleep in the first place. The Food and Drug Administration has not approved any sleeping medications for children, so how effective they are, and just how safe, is uncertain.

OWENS: Until they are tested in the pediatric population we don't really know for sure.

GUPTA: Teenagers need nine hours of sleep a night and average only seven. Katy was getting just three. With Ambien she sometimes gets up to six hours a night. her doctor feels comfortable using the medication, but intends to wean it off as soon as possible. If it works, it would be the first time since Katy was a child that sleep came as naturally as it should. Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN, reporting.



AZUZ: Our show is ten minutes, and we've added ten questions at our Web site that you can pose to your students. It's a good way to get your class talking about today's current events. So log on to and pick them up today!

Before We Go

AZUZ: Before we go... It's beginning to look a lot like Christmas at the White House, with the arrival of this tree. Of course, it's not decorated yet, but this one in Brazil is. At more than 2-hundred-60 feet tall, it's the largest floating tree in the world, but how many other floating trees can you think of? Nevertheless, the folks who got this thing off the ground made it dazzle with 2-point-8 million lights, and shot off fireworks for added drama!


AZUZ: And it's time for us to "leaf" you for the day. We hope you'll join us once again tomorrow, when CNN Student News returns. I'm Carl Azuz.

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