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Key points of Macedonia peace deal

NATO's Robertson
NATO's George Roberston hailed the deal as "a remarkable moment"  

SKOPJE, Macedonia -- The power-sharing peace agreement gives ethnic Albanians more representation in parliament, the police force and educational institutions.

It guarantees the rights of ethnic minorities under the constitution and provides protection for the Albanian language.

In return the accord paves the way for the disarming of ethnic Albanian fighters, a process to be marshalled by NATO troops.

Key points:

The disarming of ethnic Albanian rebels will be overseen by a 30-day deployment of NATO troops. An amnesty is granted to militants provided they did not commit war crimes during clashes with government forces.

The introduction to Macedonia's constitution is amended to delete reference to Macedonian Slavs as the only "constituent" people. The new stated goal is to make the country a civic society of all its ethnic groups.

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Equal status is granted to the Orthodox, Muslim and Catholic faiths.

A new "double majority" system in parliament will insist that half the lawmakers voting on a measure must come from one or more minority groups before legislation is approved.

Albanian is to be the second official language in communities where ethnic Albanians comprise more than 20 percent of the population. Albanian will also be an official language in parliament.

State-funded higher education in the Albanian language will be available in communities where ethnic Albanians comprise more than 20 percent of the population. Previously, the state funded only lower education in Albanian in ethnic Albanian areas.

Ethnic Albanians will be assured proportional representation in the Constitutional Court, which has the final say in legislative matters.

Ethnic Albanians and other Macedonian minorities will have proportional representation in government administration and the police.

Local authorities are granted wider authority, effectively awarding a degree of self-rule to mainly ethnic Albanian areas. Local governments will be empowered to appoint local police chiefs, although they will have to choose from a list of centrally approved candidates.

There is to be a census this year that will establish the exact ethnic composition of the country ahead of early general elections. An international donors' conference will follow to provide funds to revive the stagnated economy.

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• Macedonian government

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