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War crimes tribunal: Key facts

The Hague
The U.N. war crimes court building in The Hague where Milosevic is due to stand trial  

THE HAGUE, The Netherlands -- Following are some key facts about the United Nations war crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.

* The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia was established by Resolution 827 of the United Nations Security Council in May 1993.

* Based in The Hague, it is the first international body for the prosecution of war crimes since the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials held in the aftermath of World War II.

* The tribunal has jurisdiction over individuals responsible for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity in the territory of the former Yugoslavia after January 1, 1991.

* It has no police force of its own and relies on the former Yugoslav republics, other states or the international peace forces (SFOR and KFOR) in Bosnia and in Kosovo to make arrests.

* Judge Claude Jorda of France is president of the tribunal. Carla Del Ponte of Switzerland is chief prosecutor.

* The tribunal may not try suspects in absentia, nor impose the death penalty. The maximum sentence is life imprisonment.

* To date, 38 indicted war criminals are currently in the detention unit in The Hague. Three indicted people have been provisionally released.

* Bosnian Serb commander Dragan Obrenovic, accused of the murder of thousands of Muslim civilians during the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, was the most recent arrival. He was arrested by SFOR troops on April 15.

* Judges have reached 19 guilty verdicts and ordered two acquittals. The longest sentence was that of 45 years given to former Bosnian Croat general Tihomir Blaskic.

* Milosevic is charged with crimes against humanity with four others -- the Serbian President Milan Milutinovic, former Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister Nikola Sainovic, ex-Yugoslav Defence Minister Dragoljub Ojdanic and former Serbian Interior Minister Vlajko Stojiljkovic.

* The indictment covers the expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Kosovo Albanians from their homes in 1999 as well as specific massacres in villages such as Racak, Bela Crkva and Velika Krusa.

• International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
• Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

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