Statement from Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris
TALLAHASSEE, Florida (CNN) -- Following is a statement issued Monday morning by Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris:
I am issuing this statement to ensure there are no misunderstandings with respect to the statutory schedule
for completing the presidential election in Florida. To that end, I met this morning with representatives of
the campaigns of Vice President Al Gore and Governor George Bush, and I communicated by facsimile
transmission with the Supervisors of Elections in each of Florida's 67 counties.
The electoral process is a balance between the desire of each individual voter to have his or her intended
vote recorded and the right of the public to a clear, final result within a reasonable time. It is the duty of the
Florida legislature to strike that balance, and it has done so. In order to serve the interests of individual
voters and the candidates who seek elective office, the law provides for automatic recounts in extremely
close elections, methods for protesting elections, and procedures for petitioning for, and conducting, manual
recounts. And in order to effectuate the public's right to clarity and finality, the law unambiguously states
when the process of counting and recounting the votes cast on election day must end.
For this election, that time is 5 PM, November 14, which is tomorrow.
Section 102.112, Florida Statutes, provides that the county canvassing board must certify the county
returns by 5 PM on the 7th day following the general election. The performance of this duty is mandatory;
there are no exceptions provided in the law. In fact, a $200 a day personal fine is imposed on members of
the county canvassing board for failing to meet this deadline.
In this context, I am very aware that a few counties are conducting or contemplating additional recounts in
the presidential election. In order to assist them in continuing their recounts as long as the law allows, I am
dispatching personnel from my office to the offices of the Supervisors of Elections in every county that
does not have a certified return on file in my office at the close of business today. They will remain in the
offices of those Supervisors of Elections until 5 PM tomorrow in order to be available to officially receive
the certified returns of that county until the last moment, thus providing the maximum possible time for
recounting and certification.
As previously stated, it is the duty of the county canvassing board - and the county canvassing board alone
- to certify the returns from that county by 5 PM tomorrow. If the certification is not in the possession of
the Florida Department of State at that time, the law provides that the votes cast in that county will not be
counted in the certification of the statewide results.
Again, Section 102.112, Florida Statutes, which deals with the duties of the county canvassing board,
provides, "If the returns are not received by the time specified, such returns may be ignored and the results
on file at that time may be certified by the department." Section 102.111, Florida Statutes, is explicitly
mandatory. It provides, "If the county returns are not received by the department by 5 PM on the 7th day
following an election, all missing counties shall be ignored, and the results on file shall be certified."
Florida law does not provide any date for return certifications other than tomorrow at 5 PM, and it does
not provide any penalties for noncompliance other than the fines mentioned above and the disallowance of
the entire uncertified vote of the defaulting county. Any discretion vested in me by the legislature in this
regard is necessarily limited to circumstances not specifically contemplated by the legislature in the law.
Such unforeseen circumstances might include a natural disaster such as Hurricane Andrew, where
compliance with the law would be impossible. But a close election, regardless of the identity of the
candidates, is not such a circumstance. The legislature obviously specifically contemplated close elections;
the law provides for automatic recounts, protests, and manual recounts - and it plainly states when this
process must end. Therefore, I will adhere to the date and penalties that are provided for Florida law.
With regard to the status of overseas absentee ballots, they must have been executed as of last Tuesday.
They must bear a foreign postmark as provide in Section 101.62(7), and they must be received by the
Supervisors of Elections by midnight Friday. They are not required, however, to be postmarked on or prior
to last Tuesday.
I will today ask the Supervisors of Elections to make plans with their canvassing boards to count and certify
the relatively few remaining overseas ballots Friday night, or by no later than Saturday morning. I will
further ask them to transmit facsimile copies of those certifications to my office by noon Saturday as
permitted by applicable case law. I anticipate that the state Elections Canvassing Commission, composed of
the Secretary of State, the Commissioner of Agriculture, and the Director of the Division of Elections, will
officially certify the results of the presidential election in Florida on Saturday afternoon.
In summary, every county must have official certifications of the voting returns from last Tuesday delivered
to the Florida Department of State by 5 PM tomorrow, or those returns will not be included in the
statewide canvass. It is my expectation that overseas absentees will be counted and certified by each county
canvassing board no later than Saturday morning. Therefore, I anticipate that the presidential election in
Florida will be officially certified by Saturday afternoon, barring judicial intervention.
No county canvassing board has ever disenfranchised all the voters of its county by failing to do their legal
duty to certify returns by the date specified in the law. I am confident that no county canvassing board will
do so in this election.